What is Creative Thinking?
Creative thinking is adopted by many institutions around the world. Often creative thinking utilises many different strategies, however they all utilise the three “A” model. The Three “A” Creativity model is a mixture of ability, attitude and application.
What the “A’s” really mean?
Ability: Creativity is the ability to imagine and do something new. It is also known as the ability to generate new ideas by:
Children naturally find creativity easy. Adults however through educational contexts have has their creativity suppressed.
Attitude: Creative people have the mindset for accepting new ideas and changes. Creative people often try and imagine situations from a variety of different angles.
Application: Creative people are continually refining their skills. In other words there is always room for improvement. Alterations to work can be quite positive in creating a bigger and better idea.
Traits of a Creative Person
There are a few traits that people who are naturally creative have. These traits include:
- Seeks problems
- Enjoys Challenges
- Does not give up easily
4 Stages of Creativity
There are four stages identified for the creative process. Within the creative process it is important that all four stages are used. These include:
- Copying: When anyone starts out they copy the ideas and skills that they see from those around them.
- Mixing: After copying a skill/idea the steps taken to get to that point are defined. Different elements come together to create an end product
- Amalgamation: This is the step where the work becomes your own and it loses some of its original aspects.
- Creation: When the creator produces something completely new and different. This is triggered by the three previous steps.
Intelligence vs Creativity:
There is a lot of debate surrounding the importance of creativity. Some people believe that Intelligence is the most important characteristic that a student can have. However creativity strongly links to intelligence as it enables students to think of answers to complex situations in a variety of different ways.
Characteristics of Intelligent people:
- Skills measured by tests
- Convergent thinking
- Logical approaches
- Uses conventional solutions
Characteristics of Creative people:
- Produces different solutions to one problem
- Usually of average intelligence
- Divergent thinking
- Non-logical approach
- Fresh ideas to everyday problems
Myths about creative thinking and problem solving:
There are many misunderstandings that occur when discussing creative thinking. People who are not open and accepting of creative thinking often dismiss it as a valid way of finding solutions.
Misconception 1: Every problem has only one solution
Nearly every problem can be solved in a variety of ways. If a solution works then it is deemed to be a good solution. There will evidentially be other ways of completing a solution. For example:
- Person 1: “I eat breakfast before I leave for work”
- Person 2: “I eat breakfast on the way to work”
- Person 3: “I eat my Breakfast at work”
Summary: In the end each individual eats breakfast which is important. Which one is correct? The answer is none as long as they have a good start to the day by eating breakfast.
Misconception 2: The best answer has already been found
New and innovative ideas are constantly being made. Just because a solution has been found does not mean that there is not another idea that is better. For example:
Human mode of transport evolution over hundreds of years
Horse ⇒ Cart ⇒ Wagon ⇒ Train ⇒ Car ⇒ Aeroplane
Misconception 3: Creative answers are too complex
In fact there are only a small amount of problems that require complex solutions. Most problems that we face require simple methods using only a few tools. For example
When packages are sent through Australia Post they were chucked into transport bins. As a result packages were becoming crushed and items were getting broken in transit. Australia Post fixed this by taking out the sorting bins and putting in shelving instead.